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Deadly Effects of Hypertension

Stroke – Stokes are caused when a certain part of the brain becomes deprived of nutrients and oxygen, which then leads to the death of previously healthy brain cells. Hypertension can lead to strokes as it weakens blood vessels in the brain, eventually resulting in them narrowing, weakening, or even rupturing altogether. Another reasons why strokes can be caused by hypertension is the fact that it can lead to the formation of blood clots in arteries leading to the brain, meaning that the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen or nutrients.

Diabetes – Although hypertension doesn’t cause diabetes, it can greatly exasperate the side effects associated with diabetes. For example, diabetes already damages the arteries, weakening them and putting them for at risk. When you factor in hypertension as well, the already weakened arteries simply cannot cope, resulting in hardening of the arteries. Diabetics also suffer from poor circulation, which is another side effect associated with hypertension.

Heart disease – Heart disease, or cardiovascular disease is another very common side effect of hypertension. As the heart is responsible for pumping blood all around the body, high blood pressure can lead to a number of irregularities. Hypertension results in a lack of blood being transported to the heart, which can lead to irregular heartbeats, chest pains, or even a heart attack. Enlargement of the left side of the heart is another common side effect of hypertension, due to the fact that the left ventricle in the heart can become stiff and thickened, affecting the heart’s ability to pump blood and therefore causing it to become enlarged.

Eye disease – The eyes are also commonly affected as a result of hypertension mainly because tiny blood vessels in the eyes can become damaged. This can lead to retinopathy, which is a condition which can cause blurred vision, bleeding in the eye, or even complete loss of vision. Nerves in the eye are also damaged due to hypertension, particularly the optic nerve.

Kidney disease – The kidneys act as filters for our blood, filtering out impurities to keep it as healthy as possible. With hypertension however, as the blood flows much faster through the kidneys, and in much larger volumes, this can force them to work twice as hard and can result in them becoming worn down. Over time, it can even result in full kidney failure, resulting in them shutting down completely.

Atherosclerosis – Perhaps better known as artery disease, atherosclerosis is a very common side effect of hypertension, resulting in damage to the walls and lining of the arteries which in turn causes them to harden. The increase in blood pressure can wear away at the lining of the arteries, making them weaker and more vulnerable. This can eventually lead to the arteries becoming hardened, resulting in blocked blood flow to the other vital organs in the body.