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Thyroid Disorders

Commonly known as hypothyroidism, it is a chronic ailment that can occur at any age. The ailment onsets when the immune system of the body destroys the thyroid gland, and hence, its ability to release thyroid hormone is completely tampered. People with mild case of hypothyroidism may not show obvious symptoms, but those with severe temperament may end exhibiting symptoms such as:

  • Constipation
  • Dry skin, thin hair
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Puffy, pale face
  • Weight gain
  • Intolerance to cold
  • Unbalanced mensuration cycle (in females)
  • Enlarged thyroid (goiter)

Named after the doctor, who first revealed it, it is a common form of overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune disorder that strikes when the immune system of the body attacks the thyroid gland, and hence, results in overproduction of thyroid hormone. With high level of thyroid within the blood stream, the body may show symptoms such as:

  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Intolerance to heat
  • Excessive sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Bulging eyes and improper vision
  • Frequent bowl movements or even diarrhea
  • Hand tremors
  • Irregular heartbeat

A noncancerous result of the thyroid gland, goiter is common worldwide and is considered mainly an outcome of iodine deficiency within the body. Goiter can affect at any age, but is common in people above 40. Medical history, pregnancy, radiation exposure, and usage of certain medication are the major risk factors of this illness. Mild goiter cases may not reveal any symptoms, while complex goiter cases may show up with following symptoms:

  • Tightness/swelling in the neck
  • Wheezing or coughing
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Difficulty in breathing and/or swallowing food